Constitution


ARTICLE I: Name

The Society shall be known as the Western Neuroradiological Society with the geographic boundaries defined as the states west of the Mississippi River, including Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, the Midwestern states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, and Wisconsin, the Canadian provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, and Mexico.

ARTICLE II: Objectives

  1. To develop and support standards for the training and practice of neuroradiology in the community.
  2. To encourage research in radiology and the neurosciences as they apply to neuroimaging.
  3. To stimulate the development of equipment, instrumentation and products designed to fill the needs of the neuroradiologist.
  4. To promote a closer fellowship and exchange of ideas among neuroradiologists and those radiologists involved in the interpretation of neuroradiological studies.
  5. To provide a format for education and the dissemination of ideas in the field of neuroradiology in the form of educational meetings and symposia.

ARTICLE III: Membership

Section 1:

The membership of this Society shall consist of Senior Members, Associate Members, Corresponding Members, Members-in-Training, Emeritus Members and Honorary Members. Hereinafter, the words "members" or "membership", when used in the Constitution, shall mean any of the foregoing classes of members to which they shall be applicable.

Section 2: Qualifications for Senior membership

  1. To be eligible for Senior membership, a candidate:
    1. Shall be a radiologist certified by the American Board of Radiology, The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, The American Osteopathic College of Radiology, or other Board of Tribunal which, in the judgment of the Executive Committee, is of equivalent rank.
    2. Shall have completed by July 1 following the annual meeting of their election one of the following criteria:
      1. Two years of fellowship training under the supervision of a WNRS Senior member, an ASNR Senior member, or a neuroradiologist possessing a Subspecialty Certification in Neuroradiology (formerly CAQ) in an institution with an approved radiology residency program.
      2. One year of formal fellowship training in neuroradiology and a second year of experience primarily in neuroradiology, and/or subspecialized area of neuroradiology under the supervision of a WNRS Senior member, an ASNR Senior member, or a neuroradiologist possessing a Subspecialty Certification in Neuroradiology (formerly CAQ) in an institution with an approved radiology residency program.
      3. One year of formal fellowship training in neuroradiology under the supervision of a WNRS Senior member, an ASNR Senior member, a neuroradiologist possessing a Subspecialty Certification in Neuroradiology (formerly CAQ) in an institution with an approved radiology residency program and three years of subsequent radiology practice during which 50% of the practice time is documented in neuroradiology.
      4. Subspecialty Certification in Neuroradiology (formerly CAQ) and four years of subsequent radiology practice during which 50%of the practice time is documented in neuroradiology.
      5. The Membership Committee and Executive Committee will consider those applicants with equivalent training and experience who trained outside the United States.
    3. Shall be engaged in active practice of neuroradiology and/or a subspecialty of neuroradiology within the geographic limits of the Society, devoting at least fifty-percent (exclusive of administrative duties) to the professional practice of neuroradiology.
    4. Candidates for Senior membership must be sponsored, in writing, by two Senior members in good standing who are familiar with and can substantiate the qualifications of the candidate, (except in the case of an applicant who is a current ASNR Senior member or a member of any ASNR-managed specialty society. Such applicant will not be required to submit two sponsor letters nor any additional documentation).
    5. Selected radiologists who do not meet one or more of the criteria in Section 2.A may be proposed for election to Senior membership on the basis of outstanding neuroradiological experience or contribution as recommended by the Membership Committee and approved by the Executive Committee.

Section 3: Qualifications for Associate membership

Associate Members shall be other radiologists, or other physicians or scientists, with an acknowledged interest in, or who have made outstanding contributions to neuroradiology or are located outside the defined geographic boundaries of the Society.

Candidates for Associate membership who are not members of ASNR or a member of any ASNR-managed specialty society must be sponsored in writing by two Senior members of the Society. Members of ASNR or of any ASNR-managed specialty society are exempt from this requirement.

The number of Associate members shall not exceed 20% of the Senior membership.

Section 4: Qualifications for Corresponding members

  1. Corresponding members are Senior members who no longer practice within the defined geographic limits of the Society. They shall have the rights and responsibilities of Senior members except for voting, holding office and serving on committees.
  2. Former Senior members in good standing may apply for Corresponding membership if they have moved out of the defined geographic boundaries of the Society.
  3. Current Senior members in good standing may request to the Membership Committee conversion of their status to Corresponding membership upon moving from the defined geographic boundaries of the Society.
  4. A Corresponding member must be engaged in the active practice of neuroradiology and his/her primary radiologic area of subspecialization shall remain neuroradiology.

Section 5: Qualifications for Members-In-Training

Members-In-Training shall be individuals who are currently participating in a full-time ACCME-accredited neuroradiology training program.

Section 6: Qualifications for Emeritus members

Emeritus members shall be Senior members who by reason of age or physical disability, have retired from active practice. Decisions on Emeritus status shall be made upon application to and approval by the Executive Committee.

Section 7: Qualifications for Honorary members

Candidates for Honorary membership shall be decided by a committee consisting of the three immediate Past Presidents.
The candidates for Honorary membership nominated by this committee must be approved by voting members of the current Executive Committee.
Honorary membership will be bestowed at the annual meeting/educational symposium.

ARTICLE IV: Structure

Section 1: Officers

The officers of the Society shall be President, President-Elect, Secretary and Treasurer. They shall be Senior members of the Society in good standing and shall be elected at the annual meeting. Nominations shall be made by the Nominating Committee with additional nominations permissible from the floor, by the Society as a whole.

Section 2: Duties of Officers

The duties of President, President-Elect, Secretary and Treasurer shall be the same as those commonly appertaining to those officers.

ARTICLE V: Committees

Actions of all committees shall be reported to the membership and are subject to review and approval.
  1. This Society shall have an Executive Committee empowered to carry out the business of the Society between meetings of the membership.
  2. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President, President-Elect, Secretary, Treasurer, Chairman of the Rules Committee and the two immediate Past Presidents.
  3. The President shall be the Chairman of the Executive Committee.
  4. The Rules Committee consisting of three Senior members of the Society in good standing shall be appointed by the President so that one new member is appointed each year, each member serving three years, with the longest-standing member acting as Chairman.
  5. The Program Committee shall be appointed by the President, and will consist of the President-Elect, Secretary, Treasurer, and one or more members in good standing. This committee shall be appointed for a one-year period. The Chairman of the Program Committee shall be the President-Elect.
  6. The President shall select an Auditing Committee that shall audit the books along with the Treasurer and report at each annual meeting. The President shall designate the Chairman of the Auditing Committee.
  7. The Nominating Committee shall consist of the President, the Chairman of the Rules Committee and one member in good standing appointed by the President from the membership-at-large. The Nominating Committee shall serve for a period of one year. The Chairman of the Nominating Committee shall be the appointed member.
  8. Other necessary committees or representatives shall be appointed by the President.
  9. A Membership Committee consisting of three Senior members of the Society in good standing shall be appointed by the President so that one member is appointed each year, each member serving three years, with a Senior member acting as Chairman.
  10. The Wilson Award Committee shall be appointed by the current President, and will include the First (chairman) and Second Past Presidents, and five additional members selected to provide representation from all subspecialties in neuroradiology.
  11. The Gold Medal Award Committee shall consist of the three most recent Past Presidents and two members in good standing. The Chair of the Committee shall be the Third Past President. Committee members shall be appointed by the President.

ARTICLE VI: Meetings

  1. The Annual Meeting of the Society shall be held at a place and time designated by the Executive Committee.
  2. Special meetings may be called by the President of the Society or upon request in writing to the Secretary of one-third of the members.
  3. Notice and agenda of the annual meeting shall be sent at least sixty (60) days in advance and of special meetings at least thirty (30) days in advance to all the members of the Society by the Society’s Secretary.
  4. The Executive Committee shall be responsible for the meeting arrangements.

ARTICLE VII: Procedure

  1. The fiscal year shall begin on January 1 and end on December 31.
  2. Procedure for meetings shall be governed by Robert’s Rules of Order and/or Sturgis Standard Code of Parliamentary Procedure.

ARTICLE VIII: Amendments

This Constitution and/or its by-laws may be amended at any annual business meeting of the Society by two-thirds of the Senior members present. Notice of the proposed amendment shall be presented to the members of the Society at least sixty (60) days prior to the annual meeting. The Senior membership in attendance at the Annual Business Meeting shall constitute a quorum.

ARTICLE IX: Nominations and Elections

  1. Officers of this Society shall be elected at the annual meeting, each to serve a period of one (1) year. A slate of candidates shall be presented by the Nominating Committee.
  2. Additional nominations may be made from the floor. In all cases where more than one person shall be nominated for the same office, votes shall be cast by secret ballot.
  3. Nominations shall be made for the offices of Secretary and Treasurer. The order of elections shall be as indicated in the preceding sentence.
  4. In electing the officers, each member in good standing may cast one vote for one candidate from among those nominated for each position to be filled. The candidate receiving the greatest number of votes shall be declared elected. In the case of a tie ballot, the presiding officer shall declare the election for that position void and additional nominations will be called for before another vote is taken.

ARTICLE X: Dues

  1. The amount of the dues shall be determined by the Executive Committee.
  2. Dues are required of Senior, Associate, and Corresponding Members.
  3. The dues of this Society shall be due and payable upon written notice by the Treasurer. Dues so paid will cover the current fiscal year beginning on January first.
  4. Dues shall become delinquent on March 31 of the year. Delinquent members shall automatically be dropped from membership in the Society, effective on April 1.

The above Constitution was adopted at the Organizational Meeting of the Western Neuroradiological Society, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California on November 2, 1968.

Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting in the Canyon Hotel, Palm Springs, California on October 8, 1977.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Rancho Las Palmas Resort, Palm Springs, California, on October 11, 1986.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Registry Resort in Scottsdale, Arizona on October 10, 1987.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Rancho Bernardo Inn, San Diego, California on October 15, 1988.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Inn at Spanish Bay, Pebble Beach, California on October 14, 1989.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Ritz Carlton, Laguna Niguel, California on October 19, 1991.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the La Paloma, Tucson, Arizona on October 8, 1994.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Empress Hotel, Victoria, BC, Canada on October 7, 1995.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Eldorado Hotel, Santa Fe, New Mexico on October 17, 1998.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Monterey Plaza Hotel & Spa, Monterey, California on October 7, 2000.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Four Seasons Biltmore Resort, Santa Barbara, California on October 6, 2001.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Fairmont Orchid, Hawaii, Kohala Coast, Hawaii on October 17, 2003.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Sheraton Vancouver Wall Centre Hotel, Vancouver, BC, Canada on October 6, 2007.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Silverado Resort in Napa, California on October 20, 2009.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Rancho Las Palmas Resort and Spa in Rancho Mirage, California on October 22, 2011.

Additional Constitutional Amendments were approved by a two-thirds vote of the constituted quorum present at the Business Meeting at the Hilton Waikoloa Village Resort in Waikoloa, Hawaii on October 18, 2013.